Industrialization in England
Just like in the countryside, the rich were able to stay at home because the family was able to pay for people to watch them and for the doctor to make house calls (de Chavez, 2009; Dickinson 1990).
The poor were forced into madhouses, prisons, hospitals, and work-houses because they had nowhere else to turn (de Chavez, 2009; Dickinson 1990).
Throughout the 18th century, the mental ill were referred to as lunatics and idiots. Establishments for the mentally ill were called madhouses but later became private asylums (de Chavez, 2009).
Eventually, asylums worked in conjunction with general hospitals (de Chavez, 2009).
By the end of the 18th century, the number of madhouses increased significantly and began attracting investors looking to make money (Parry-Jones, 1987).
de Chavez, M. G. (2009). Treatment of psychoses before the twentieth century. In Y. O. Alanen, G. dC. Manual, A. S. Silber, & B. Martindale (Eds.) Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Schizophrenia Psychoses: Past, Present, and Future, (pp. 10-22). New York, NY, US: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
Dickinson, E. (1990). From madness to mental health: A brief history of psychiatric treatments in the UK from 1800 to the present. The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 53, 419-424.
Parry-Jones, W. L. (1987). Asylum for the mentally ill in historical perspective. Bulletin of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, 12, 407-410.
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