Influence of Christianity
When looking at the Middle Ages with regard to mental illness, it is also important to look at what was happening in religion, and more specifically Christianity. It is important to note that as Christianity was on the rise and many scientific findings from the Greek era were all but forgotten; the metaphysics of Plato and Aristotle were incorporated into the religious dogma of the Christian Church (Brown & Menninger, 1940).
Brown, J. F., & Menninger, K. A. (Col), (1940). The psychodynamics of abnormal behavior. (pp. 23-47). New York, NY, US: McGraw-Hill Book Company, xvi, 484 pp. doi: 10.1037/11534-002
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