The Renaissance period was very important in terms of treating the mentally ill. The poor and the rich differed in treatment options and even in terms of the types of treatment. Many treatments were used that today would be looked at as appalling, such as electrical shocks and the use of immobilizing devices. Treatment was different in the industrialized Western Europe than America due to the differences in population density (de Chavez, 2009; Dickinson, 1990; Parry-Jones, 1987).
de Chavez, M. G. (2009). Treatment of psychoses before the twentieth century. In Y. O. Alanen, G. dC. Manual, A. S. Silber, & B. Martindale (Eds.) Psychotherapeutic Approaches to Schizophrenia Psychoses: Past, Present, and Future, (pp. 10-22). New York, NY, US: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
Dickinson, E. (1990). From madness to mental health: A brief history of psychiatric treatments in the UK from 1800 to the present. The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 53, 419-424.
Parry-Jones, W. L. (1987). Asylum for the mentally ill in historical perspective. Bulletin of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, 12, 407-410.
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